A piston is a cylindrical engine component that slides back and forth in the cylinder bore by forces produced during the combustion process. The piston acts as a movable end of the combustion chamber. The stationary end of the combustion chamber is the cylinder head. Pistons are commonly made of a cast aluminum alloy for excellent and lightweight thermal conductivity.
The con-rod connects the piston to the crankshaft to transfer combustion pressure to the crankpin. There are bearing portions at both ends, the piston side is called the small end, and the crankshaft side, the big end.